An overview of Bulgaria’s tax and business environments

Bulgaria has become increasingly appealing to businesses in recent years due to its advantageous tax and business climate.

The country has one of the European Union’s lowest corporate tax rates, at 10%, and has signed approximately 70 double tax treaties with other countries. Personal income tax is likewise modest, with a 10% rate and a 5% dividend tax.

Furthermore, labour and business costs in Bulgaria are among the lowest in the EU, making it a cost-effective area for enterprises to operate.

Furthermore, Bulgaria offers a labour force that is highly qualified, well-motivated, flexible, and bilingual, which is a plus for businesses. This blog article will delve into the specifics of these benefits and investigate the prospects for foreign investment in Bulgaria.

Corporate Taxation

A. low corporate tax rate of 10%.

One of the primary benefits of doing business in Bulgaria is the 10% corporate tax rate. This makes it one of the most competitive tax rates in the European Union, which is an important consideration for businesses contemplating establishing operations in the country. This low rate can help firms save money on their tax bills, allowing them to invest more in growth and expansion.

Nearly 70 countries have signed double tax accords.

Bulgaria has signed approximately 70 double tax treaties with other nations in addition to the low corporation tax rate. These agreements protect firms from being taxed twice on the same income and can result in further savings. They also make it easier for businesses to execute international transactions and expand globally. These treaties contribute to a more stable and predictable tax environment for international corporations doing business in Bulgaria. It also contributes to the country’s ability to attract foreign investment and business.

Personal Income Tax

A. Double tax treaties signed with nearly 70 countries

At 10%, Bulgaria has one of the EU’s lowest personal income tax rates. This low rate can benefit individuals and businesses with employees in Bulgaria by lowering their overall tax burden and increasing disposable income. The lower personal income tax rate may also make Bulgaria more appealing to highly skilled workers by increasing their net income and spending power.

B. A low (5%) dividend tax rate

In addition to having a low personal income tax rate, Bulgaria also has a low dividend tax rate of 5%. This can benefit companies that pay dividends to their shareholders by increasing their overall return on investment. The low dividend tax rate can also make Bulgaria an appealing site for corporations wishing to establish operations, as it can assist shareholders in increasing their return on investment. This also contributes to the country’s ability to attract foreign investment and business.

Wages and Social Security Contributions

A. Low wages in Comparison to the rest of Europe

Bulgaria has some of the lowest wages in Europe, which might be advantageous for businesses trying to reduce labour costs. As a result, Bulgaria may become a more cost-effective area for firms to operate, allowing them to pay lower rates while still recruiting highly trained staff. It is also crucial to remember that low wages may be an issue when attracting and retaining elite personnel.

B. Low minimum salary in the EU

Bulgaria also has one of the lowest minimum wages in the EU. This can be advantageous for businesses trying to reduce labour expenses, as they may be able to pay workers a lower minimum wage while still recruiting a quality workforce. However, this suggests that Bulgaria’s living level is lower than in other EU countries.

C. Low employee social security contributions

Bulgaria also has modest social security contributions on salaries, which can assist businesses in decreasing their overall labour costs. These contributions are often required for pensions, health, and unemployment insurance. Businesses can save money on personnel costs and have more finances available for growth and expansion by having minimal social security contributions.

Business Expenses

A. Overview of Bulgaria’s low business expenses

Bulgaria is a low-cost country for doing business. The overall cost of doing business in Bulgaria is significantly lower than in the rest of the EU. This includes expenses such as office rent, utilities, and labour. The low cost of doing business in Bulgaria can boost the profitability of local businesses and make the country more appealing to foreign investors.

B. Comparison with other EU member states

Bulgaria has some of the lowest business costs in the EU compared to other countries. This makes it an attractive location for businesses trying to decrease operating costs. Low company costs can also assist Bulgarian firms in becoming more competitive in the global market. Furthermore, the cheap cost of doing business in Bulgaria can attract foreign investment because companies can set up operations in Bulgaria while still maintaining a high degree of profitability.

The Labor Force

A. Bulgarian employees’ qualifications

Bulgaria has a highly qualified labour force, with many workers having a solid education and diverse skills and certifications. The country has a strong educational tradition with a high rate of college graduates and talented professionals in fields such as technology, engineering, and finance.

This might be advantageous for companies trying to hire highly trained workers in these industries.

B. Drive and adaptability

Bulgarian workers are renowned for being motivated and adaptable, which can help firms reach their objectives. Many Bulgarian workers are eager to go above and beyond to meet the needs of their employers, which can boost productivity and overall business performance.

Furthermore, their adaptability enables seamless integration and adaptation to many fields and changing business circumstances.


A summary of Bulgaria’s business benefits

Bulgaria provides numerous advantages to enterprises wishing to establish operations there. These include a low corporation tax rate, approximately 70 double tax treaties, a low personal income tax, low wages, and business costs, low social security contributions, and a highly qualified, well-motivated, flexible, and multilingual labour force.

These features make Bulgaria an appealing site for companies aiming to lower total operating expenses while increasing profitability.

B. Potential foreign investment prospects.

Bulgaria is an attractive place for foreign investment due to its advantages. The country provides a stable and predictable tax environment and access to the EU market at a low labour cost.

Furthermore, the cheap business costs in Bulgaria can help boost foreign-owned enterprises’ worldwide competitiveness. Furthermore, the highly qualified, well-motivated, flexible, and multilingual labour force can be a valuable asset for organisations trying to develop abroad. As a result, Bulgaria represents an ideal opportunity for international enterprises seeking to establish a foothold in the EU market, get access to trained labour, and lower total business expenses.

Bulgaria provides several advantages to businesses wishing to establish operations there. De Hoon & Partners specialises in assisting businesses to navigate Bulgaria’s unique tax and business environment.

We can help you avoid double taxation, find the right location for your company or its expansion, establish your company abroad, keep accounts for your foreign company and ICOs, assist with international investments, find the right bank for your estate planning, and assist with personal relocation abroad.

We can also help with acquisitions, drafting or revising contracts, advising on and establishing trusts and foundations, and assisting with purchasing foreign real estate. If you are considering expanding your business to Bulgaria or have any questions about conducting business there, don’t hesitate to contact us at De Hoon & Partners; we will be pleased to help.